The population of the Faroe Islands grew relatively
rapidly until the early 1990s, despite the fact that the
migration to Denmark was periodically large. Since the
Second World War, the number of residents has increased by
about 20,000 (from 29,000 in 1945 to 49,755 in 2016). Since
the mid-1990s, there has been a population decline.
In 2016, the birth and death rates were 14 and 9
respektive, respectively, which gives a natural population
growth of 0.5%. The majority of the residents of the Faroe
Islands live in urban areas along the coasts. About 25% of
the population lives in the capital Tˇrshavn. The inner
parts of the islands, on the other hand, are virtually
uninhabited. The residents of the Faroe Islands, called
Faroese, are for the most part descendants of the Norwegian
settlers who started settling in the archipelago from the
Official languages are Faroese, which is the native
language of the Faroese and according to the Act on
Self-Government 1948 main language, as well as Danish, which
is read as a second language in schools and has high hours
of speech at all stages.
Christianity came to the Faroe Islands around the year
1000. The islands got bishopric about 1120; a cathedral
began to be erected about 1300 in Kirkjub°ur but was never
completed. The bishopric was abolished during the
Reformation, and the Faroe Islands became a prostitute under
the Diocese of Bergen to be placed under the Diocese of
Zealand in the early 17th century. In 1990, the Faroese
Lutheran Church became an independent Danish diocese.
A conservative Lutheran court, characterized by Jesper
Brochmand's house postilla and Thomas Kingo's hymns,
prevailed in the mid-19th century, when revival movements
such as the Plymouth brothers and the Danish Inner Mission
gained influence. Danish had become church language during
the Reformation, but the national endeavors brought demands
on Faroese as a church language. Still in 1925 the sermon on
Faroese was only allowed at every other high mass. The New
Testament in Faroese was published in 1937. It was not until
1939 that Faroese was fully recognized as a church language.
A hymn book in Faroese was published in 1961.
The Faroese Lutheran Church comprises about 85% of the
population. The largest free church is Baptism, 10-12%.
There are also Roman Catholics, Seventh-day Adventists,
Pentecostal friends, and Jehovah's Witnesses.