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Moldova's natural population growth has been relatively high for many parts of the postwar period, measured by European standards. However, it began to decline during the late 1980s and during the 2010s it has been much like the rest of Europe.

Religion and Languages of Moldova

According to Countryaah, the population density in Moldova is 104 residents per km 2. In 2019, 43 percent of the residents were city dwellers, of whom 493,000 live in the capital Chișinău. Other cities include Băltși (105,000) and Tiraspol (133,800).

For information on life expectancy and other demographic statistics, see Country facts.

During the post-war period, the proportion of Russians grew to 13 percent, while the Romanian-speaking population in the 1940s and 1950s decreased by forced relocation to Soviet Central Asia. Descendants of these are still living in Kazakhstan and the Eastern Russian Federation.

According to the 2014 census, 57 percent of the population regarded themselves as Moldavans and 23 percent as Romanians. Most within both groups are made up of Romanians ethnically, but those who call themselves Moldavians indicate that they regard Romania and Moldova as two different nations. Moldova is also populated by Ukrainians (8 percent), Russians (5 percent), Gagauzer (4 percent) and Bulgarians (2 percent). There are also small groups of Roma, Jews and Poles. In the disputed Transnistria, the share of Moldovans after the civil war has dropped from about 40 to just over 30 percent. The Russians live to a large extent in the cities.

Many moldavers have, during the last decades, moved to countries in Western Europe in the hope of better living conditions.


The official language is Romanian. However, according to the 2014 census, half of those who have Romanian as their mother tongue define their language as Moldavian. Other major languages are Russian, Ukrainian and Gagauzian.


Most of the population belongs to the Orthodox Church, with Romanian as the most important church language. Also the Gagauzic speakers are Orthodox. There are about 30,000 Jews in the country.

Other Countries in Europe

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