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North America

The native population of North America is the Native Americans, so named because the explorer Columbus and his surroundings believed to have come to the easternmost parts of India. The North American Indians have been called "redskins", not because their skin color is red - it is rather light brown - but because the coastal Indians that the first Europeans met painted red. Today, redskins are a derogatory word. The physical characteristics of the Indians testify to their Asian origin. The Inuit (Eskimos) are genetically closely related to the chicks in eastern Siberia. Both Indians and Inuit have undergone changes that entail adaptations to changing climate zones and topographical conditions.

In pre-Columbian times, Native American cultures were distributed according to ecological possibilities. Farthest in the north and south were hunter cultures such as caribou hunters in Canada's interior, salmon fishermen on the northwest coast, buffalo hunters on the prairie, bear and moose hunters in the eastern forest areas and deer hunters in the southwest and southeast. In more temperate and subtropical zones, both collector and agricultural crops, such as maize growers east of Mississippi and Mexico, appeared. At the time of the beginning of our era, high crops arose among the corn growers in Mexico, Central America and the Andes, which were crushed by the Spaniards in the early 16th century.

Through the invasion of whites from the beginning of the 16th century and through the wars and epidemics that followed in its tow, the Indians gradually withdrew from the areas sought by the Europeans and in many places fell sharply in number. In North America, approximately 1 million Native Americans live in the reserves established during the 19th century. Although now increasing in number, Anglo-America is dominated by the descendants of British colonizers, later European immigrants and descendants of the African slaves introduced during the colonial era. In eastern Canada, there is also a large French population, descended from the colonizers of the 17th and 18th centuries. Increasing immigration of Mexicans seems to be about to change the population situation in the southwest US. Above all, the population situation has changed in California, where Mexican residents, chicanos, is about to become the largest population group. In Mexico, the inhabitants are mostly miseries, i.e. descendants of whites (in this case Spaniards) and Native Americans. Based on data from Countryaah, the population of Central America consists of up to 50 percent of Native Americans. The rest are white, masturbate and mulatto. In the Caribbean, the Native American population has almost completely eradicated, and whites (i.e. descendants of colonial Spaniards) and Africans (slave descendants) have taken their place.

Central America

Official languages are Spanish except in Belize, where it is English. Of minority languages, especially German has some prevalence in Belize, Mexico and Costa Rica. Widespread is also West Caribbean Creole English, which includes approx. 30 Creole languages spoken in Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Belize and Costa Rica. In addition, as an immigrant language, Chinese is spoken in Panama and Costa Rica. In addition, a large number of Native American languages.

Countries in North America
  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Bahamas
  3. Barbados
  4. Belize
  5. Canada
  6. Costa Rica
  7. Cuba
  8. Dominica
  9. Dominican Republic
  10. El Salvador
  11. Greenland
  12. Grenada
  13. Guatemala
  14. Haiti
  15. Honduras
  16. Jamaica
  17. Mexico
  18. Nicaragua
  19. Panama
  20. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  21. Saint Lucia
  22. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  23. Trinidad and Tobago
  24. United States

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