According to Countryaah, Cape Verde has a population density of 139 residents per km2. São Tiago, where the capital is located, is the most populous island with about 50 percent of the population. In 2019, 66 percent of the population lived in cities, of which the capital Praia (134 900 residents, 2012) and the port city of Mindelo (72 000) are the largest. As a result of emigration from the country, the country has a low population growth. Nowadays, more cutting values live abroad than in the home country.
- AllCityPopulation: Find Cape Verde demographics including latest population, life expectancy, age structure, and urbanization.
The official language is Portuguese. The population speaks crioulo, a Portuguese-based Creole language.
In 1462 the first Portuguese came to São Tiago, where they founded the city of Ribeira Grande (now Cidade Velha). Ever since, the country has been Catholic. Today (2010), 94% of the population profess to Catholicism. More than 3% of the population are Protestants, among whom the Church of Nazarene is successful. Just under 3% are Muslims and traditional indigenous religion is covered by just over one percent. In practice, Catholicism is often enriched with traditional African elements. Every saint’s day, for example, is celebrated with drums, processions, African masks and dances.
During colonial times, Catholicism was state religion. Today, the constitution is secular and together with other laws it guarantees freedom of religion. According to the Criminal Code, violations of religious freedom can give up to three years in prison. Religion and state are separated according to the constitution, which also prevents the government from imposing a religion on citizens. But Catholicism still holds a certain privileged position, in that the state provides the Catholic Church with free broadcasting time for television broadcast services. The country is characterized by good relations between the faith communities.