Category Archives: Africa

Geography
Egypt is very much shaped by the Nile. This flows 1,550km from south to north to the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile Delta is around 24,000km². This means that the delta is about too big as Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The Nile region offers almost the only fertile land in Egypt and corresponds to around 5% of the territory.

In the south of the country, the Nile is dammed at Lake Nasser. The dam is known as the Aswan Dam. Part of Lake Nasser extends into Sudan. The damming of the Nile prevented the Nile from overflowing its banks every year. But now it is no longer possible for the Nile to transport sediments to the Nile Delta. In the past, the delta grew further and further out into the Mediterranean, but the delta is even being eroded again by surf and currents. The Nile Delta is now sinking further and further.

To the west of the Nile lies the Libyan Desert. It occupies around two thirds of Egypt. In the north lies the Libyan Plateau, which reaches a height of up to 241m. South of the plateau is the Katarra Depression (Qattara Depression). This depression is 133 meters below sea level. The bottom of the depression consists of a salt pan.

In the south-west of the country, the Libyan desert rises to an altitude of 1,098m. The desert is broken through by individual basins and lowlands. The oases of Siwa, Bahariyya, Farafra, Dachla and Charga are also located there. Otherwise the desert is characterized by a monotonous sand and dune landscape.

The Arabian Desert lies east of the Nile. It is characterized by a mountain range that is jagged with wadis and reaches a height of up to 2,000m. To the east of the mountain range is the up to 1,000 m deep rift of the Red Sea.

In the northeast is the Sinai peninsula. The landscape is desert-like and marked in the south by rugged mountains with the highest elevation of 2642m.

Climate
Due to the location of Egypt, Egypt belongs to the North African dry belt. Only coastal strips and the Nile Delta are characterized by a Mediterranean winter rainfall of 100mm to 200mm. It rains very rarely south of Cairo. In July, daytime temperatures are between 31 ° C in Port Said (Mediterranean coast), 35 ° C in Cairo and 41 ° C in Aswan (Upper Egypt). Due to the relatively low humidity of only 30%, the temperatures are relatively bearable. From March to June, hot Khamsin, a sand and dust wind, blows from the south. The climate on the Red Sea coast is somewhat more moderate than inland. For more information about the continent of Africa, please check homosociety.com.

Cities and regions in Morocco

The Moroccan regional administration is divided into the 12 regions Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma, Oriental, Fès-Meknès, Rabat-Salé-Kénitra, Béni Mellal-Khénifra, Casablanca-Settat, Marrakech-Safi, Drâa-Tafilalet, Souss-Massa, Guelmim- Oued Noun, Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab, which are divided into a total of 13 prefectures and 62 provinces, each ruled by a governor appointed by the king. A specialty of Morocco… Read More »

WHO

The WHO works for the well-being of people and deals with issues related to medical research, diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis, pandemics and coordination of aid efforts in humanitarian crises. Introduction Standing for World Health Organization according to abbreviationfinder, WHO is the UN’s specialist body for health issues. The organization’s goal is to work… Read More »

The 10 largest caves in the world

Caves have a great fascination with humans and are often popular attractions for tourists. A cave is a natural cavity created by geological processes in a rock formation that is large enough that people can enter it. Primary caves, such as lava caves, are created simultaneously with the surrounding rock, secondary caves are created later… Read More »

Zimbabwe Religion and Languages

Apartheid colonization In 1889, the Ndebele King Lobenguela received the English adventurer and millionaire Cecil Rhodes. Against weapons, a lifetime pension and a steamer, the King gave British South Africa Co. (BSA) monopoly on exploration and extraction of the country’s mineral resources. The BSA was Rhodes’ personal property. The colonization of Zimbabwe was thus initiated.… Read More »

Zambia Religion and Languages

On the so-called miombo water, there are, among other things, African elephant, African buffalo, sable antelope, larger kudu, giraffe and common zebra. Rhinos have been hunted hard for the horns and are now very rare. Predators include: spotted hyena, jackals, hyen dog, lion, cheetah, leopard and serval. The large amounts of termites on the miombose… Read More »

Western Sahara Religion and Languages

The traditional forms of life were increasingly disintegrating, and so were the ties and relationships that had existed between different tribes, though the colonial administration maintained a latent division of them through its formal recognition of the tribal leaders (Shiujs) and prominent people. The personal identification system contributed to this, as the national identity documents… Read More »

Uganda Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, Uganda had a population density of 181 residents per km2. Most of the population lives in the rich agricultural areas north of Lake Victoria, while the northeastern parts are sparsely populated, with nomadic herdsmen. According to Countryaah, about 24 percent of the population lives in cities, the largest of which are Kampala… Read More »

Tunisia Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, about 99% of the population is Sunni Muslims. An Ibadite minority resides in Djerba. Besides smaller Protestant groups, there are approx. 20,000 Catholics in the country. The Jewish minority has been greatly reduced in recent years. Tunisia was Islamized in the 600s, and throughout history has been a significant Islamic center, both… Read More »

Togo Religion and Languages

Population With a population density of 138 residents per km2, Togo is one of Africa’s most densely populated countries. The density is greatest in the coastal region and decreases to the north. The urbanization rate is 42 percent, but the urbanization rate is high. The dominant city is the capital Lomé (1.7 million residents, 2012).… Read More »

Tanzania Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, Tanzania had a population density of 60 residents per km2; however, the population is very unevenly distributed. According to Countryaah, most of the country is quite sparsely inhabited, but some areas, for example. The slopes of Kilimanjaro and on Lake Malawi show large population concentrations. Parts of the highlands in central Tanzania… Read More »

Sudan Religion and Languages

The constant influence of the Pharaohs of Egypt over the areas the Egyptians called Khus and the Greeks Nubia was one of the main reasons why in the period from the 3rd millennium BCE to around year 0 it was not possible to develop an independent state in the area. The Pharaohs preferred to have… Read More »

South Africa Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, South Africa was estimated to have a population density of 48 residents per square kilometer, with large concentrations around Johannesburg and Pretoria as well as on the eastern and southern coastal areas. Since the 1980s, South Africa has undergone rapid urbanization with increasing decline. In 2019, 66 percent of the population was… Read More »

Somalia Religion and Languages

Population In 2019 Somalia had a population density of 24 residents per km2. According to Countryaah, about 50 percent of residents are nomadic. A settled population is normally found along the Shebeli and Juba rivers and in some areas of the northwest. The country has a relatively low degree of urbanization for East Africa; In… Read More »

Sierra Leone Religion and Languages

Population Sierra Leone has a population density of 106 residents per km2. The eastern parts and the area around Freetown are densely populated. The death toll is among the highest in the world, and above all, infant mortality is high (56 per 1,000 live births). In 2019, 41 percent of the population lived in cities,… Read More »

Seychelles Religion and Languages

Throughout the 18th century, French and English settlers fought violently for this archipelago of the Indian Ocean. It was not until 1794 that the United Kingdom finally succeeded in becoming the owner of the archipelago. Yet the British did not pay any special attention to the area. Until 1903 it was administered from the neighboring… Read More »

Senegal Religion and Languages

Following pressure from the United States, France, the IMF and the World Bank, the government launched an economic structural adjustment program in the early 1980s. The abolition of agricultural subsidies led to higher production costs and consumer prices. In 1983, the country was hit by a major drought, particularly affecting peanut production, which represents 35%… Read More »

Sao Tome and Principe Religion and Languages

Population In 2016, the country had an average population density of 210 residents per square kilometer, but the vast majority (95 percent) live on the island of São Tomé. In 2019, 68 percent of the population lived in urban areas, and the capital São Tomé (67 900 residents, 2012) is the completely dominant city. Language… Read More »

Rwanda Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Rwanda has undergone a radical demographic change since the genocide of the Tutsi population in 1994. Of 7.6 million residents in 1993, 1 million are estimated to have been killed. 125,000 Rwandans are still refugees or asylum seekers, mainly in neighboring countries. About 220,000 children are orphans. Rwanda is one of… Read More »

Republic of the Congo Religion and Languages

Initially, the country was inhabited by pygmies and bushmen, but in the 16th century the current Congo became the abode of the bantu kingdoms of Luango and Kacongo, close allies with the region’s great power Manicongo. The Portuguese colonization efforts succeeded, and these kingdoms participated for 3 centuries in the slave trade as middlemen and… Read More »

Nigeria Religion and Languages

As heirs of the old Nok civilization, the Yoruba people lived in cities surrounded by high walls and equipped with wide boulevards. Already from the 9th century a democratic system existed around the city administration with a mayor and a city council elected by the inhabitants. Artistically, civilization did wonderful things in terracotta and bronze… Read More »

Niger Religion and Languages

Population Due to the difficult nature conditions, the population is very unevenly distributed. The population is concentrated in the southern savannah area, where the largest cities are located. Despite the population concentration to the southern parts, the country is West Africa’s least urbanized country; In 2019, only 16 percent of the population lived in one… Read More »

Namibia Religion and Languages

In 2008, the country ranked 6th (out of 48 sub-Saharan countries) in the African Ibrahim index, making it one of the most developed in Africa. Journalists Without Borders placed it in 25th place out of 169 countries in the world in 2007, which is why it is high in terms of press freedom. Foreign policy… Read More »

Mozambique Religion and Languages

In March 2012, there was an armed clash between 300 Renamo members and police in the city of Nampula. It cost one killed on both sides. Police stormed Renamo’s headquarters, where the 300 men had already been searched in December 2011 – apparently pending orders from Renamo’s leader Afonso Dhlakama to protest the Frelimo government.… Read More »

Morocco Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, the population density was estimated at 78 residents per km2, but due to topography and climate, the regional distribution is very uneven. The most densely populated are the coastal areas in the northwest and the precipitous high plains at Fès and Meknès. According to Countryaah, the proportion of urban population in 2019… Read More »

Mauritius Religion and Languages

Population In 2017, Mauritius had a population density of 650 residents per km2. About 90 percent of the population lives on the main island. The population consists of people of European, African, Indian and Chinese origin. According to Countryaah, 41 percent of the population lives in urban areas, the majority in a belt from Port… Read More »

Mauritania Religion and Languages

Gradually, the progressive sector of the Mauritanian People’s Party (PPM) led by Moktar Ould Daddah began to develop the foundations that could create the country’s true independence. In 1965, the country opted out of OCAM (the Common African and Maghreb Organization), through which France sought to maintain control of its former colonies. In 1966, SOMITEX… Read More »

Mali Religion and Languages

In 1979, President Moussa Traoré implemented a rigorous economic program designed by international banks and the International Monetary Fund, the IMF. That led to student protests in November 79, which teachers also joined. The repression was rampant: 13 students were tortured and killed by police and about 100 put in jail. From 1983, Mali strengthened… Read More »

Malawi Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Malawi is one of Africa’s most densely populated countries; In 2019, the population density was estimated at 153 residents per km2. However, the population is unevenly distributed; more than half are in the southern region, while just over 10 percent are in the north. The proportion of urban population was 17… Read More »

Madagascar Religion and Languages

When the international prices of the country’s export products fell in 1980, it triggered an economic crisis that forced the government to take strict measures. Dissatisfaction increased in a number of social sectors and the government responded with repression and the arrest of opposition people, while trying to make its foreign trade more versatile, seek… Read More »

Libya Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, Libya had a population density of 4 residents per km2, but since 95 percent of the country’s area consists of desert, more than 90 percent of the residents live in the coastal zone. Libya’s population has grown very rapidly, from 1.5 million in 1965 to 6.7 million in 2019. According to Countryaah,… Read More »

Liberia Religion and Languages

Referring to the chaotic situation of the civilian population, a peacekeeping force consisting of Nigerian soldiers and North American Marines entered the country in August. On August 11, Taylor handed over power to his vice president, Moses Blah, and left the country for asylum in Nigeria – though many African countries thought he should be… Read More »

Lesotho Religion and Languages

Population Lesotho has a population density of 69 residents per km 2, but the distribution is uneven. The mountainous eastern parts are sparsely populated; About 70 percent of the residents live in the limited fertile lowland areas in the west. Locally, the population density in western Lesotho can amount to more than 200 residents per… Read More »

Kenya Religion and Languages

Population In 2019 Kenya had an average population density of 89 residents per km2. However, due to ecological conditions and the availability of arable land, the population is unevenly distributed; about 75 percent live on 10 percent of the country’s area. About half of the population is found in southwestern Kenya, in the area around… Read More »

Ivory Coast Religion and Languages

With South Africa as a broker, the government and rebels entered a ceasefire in April 2005. This was expected to be more successful than the ceasefire agreed two years earlier in France. The agreement included a provision for holding presidential elections at a later date in the same year. In previous months, the situation was… Read More »

Guinea-Bissau Religion and Languages

In 1980, João Bernardino (“Nino”) Vieira was at the head of a coup d’état. He had been one of the most important guerilla commanders in the days of the guerrilla struggle. All the constitutional institutions were replaced by a Council of State headed by Vieira himself. He interrupted the merger process with Cape Verde while… Read More »

Guinea Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, Guinea had an average population density of 50 residents per km2. The majority of the population is concentrated in the plateau areas of central Guinea. Due to a previously high migration, about 2 million Guineans are believed to live abroad. In 2018, it was estimated that 35 percent of the population lived… Read More »

Ghana Religion and Languages

1957 Independence In 1957, the country gained its independence. According to Countryaah, the leader of the new state was Kwame Nkrumah. He had been the leader of the Nationalist Movement in Ghana for several years, was born in 1909, worked as a teacher, but was given the opportunity to study further. in the United States… Read More »

Gambia Religion and Languages

As the presidential election approached in the fall of 2001, the president decided to lift the ban on political parties. Jammeh won the election, which was approved by international observers. A few months later, when his party APRC won the election overwhelmingly, however, he faced strong charges of election fraud by the opposition. The country… Read More »

Gabon Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Gabon’s average population density (8 residents per km 2) is one of the lowest in the region. At the same time, the country has the highest degree of urbanization in the region (89 percent of the population lives in cities). The largest cities are the capital Libreville (797,000 residents, 2012) and… Read More »

Ethiopia Religion and Languages

The term etiope – in Greek: “burnt face” – was used in ancient times to all Africans. The country’s other name, Abyssinia, is derived from the Arab habbash, which referred to one of the ethnic groups in Yemen who emigrated to Africa around the year 2000 BCE, the Ethiopian language, Ghezo, belongs to the Semitic… Read More »