Category Archives: Asia

Protaras Travel Guide

Protaras is a quiet beach resort. The sun shines on the best beaches of the island of Cyprus up to 320 days a year. Protaras is a popular holiday destination in the south-east of the island of Cyprus. Protaras is located on the sidelines of larger cities, but in the smaller island state, the distances are… Read More »

SIGHTS OF ANTALYA

FLIGHTS, ACCOMMODATION AND MOVEMENT IN ANTALYA It is easy to travel to Antalya from Finland, as you can get there not only by scheduled but also by leisure flights. Antalya is a popular destination for sudden departures There are good flight connections to Turkey from Finland, especially in summer. Package trips are also made to… Read More »

Yemen Religion and Languages

Population Yemen had an average population density of 54 residents per km 2 in 2019, but the population is concentrated to the larger cities and to the fertile coastal regions. As a result of the unrest in the region, the population figures are uncertain. Since the 1990s, the country has received a large number of… Read More »

Vietnam Religion and Languages

Population The average population density is 288 residents per km2. But that figure is highly misleading because a very large part of the population lives in the two river valleys and in the delta areas. Particularly densely populated is the area around the Red River in the north, where the density may in some parts… Read More »

Uzbekistan Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, Uzbekistan houses a number of ancient agricultural centers such as Coresma (at the upper reaches of the Amú-Darya River), Maveranajr (between the Amú-Darya and Sir-Darya rivers) as well as the Fergana Valley. The first state formation around these centers took place in the 10th century BCE The population and language was Indo-European.… Read More »

United Arab Emirates Religion and Languages

In the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula, between the Jabal Ajdar mountain range of Oman and the rocky Najd steppe in the central peninsula, extending to the Gulf Coast, lies the Rub al-Khali Desert, which covers most of Saudi Arabia and almost all of it area known as the United Arab Emirates (United Arab… Read More »

Turkmenistan Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Turkmenistan has a population density of 12 residents per km2, but the population is concentrated to the western parts and areas around the Karakum Canal and Amu-Darja. 52 percent of the population live in cities, the largest of which is the capital Ashgabat (1 million residents, 2012), Chardzhou (408,900) and Tasjauz… Read More »

Turkey Religion and Languages

Political Islam and the rise of the AKP Despite the strict secularism policy under Atatürk, and more or less until 1980, Islam never disappeared from Turkish social life. Since the birth of the republic in 1923, the society has been characterized by a long-standing struggle between secularists and various camps of Islamic-oriented politicians and intellectuals.… Read More »

Thailand Religion and Languages

Population In 2000-08, the population increased by an average of 1 percent per year, but since then the rate of increase has decreased. In 2010, there were 144,000 Burmese in nine refugee camps near the border in the west and another 2 million Burmese are believed to be in Thailand, most illegally. In addition, there… Read More »

Tajikistan Religion and Languages

Population Tajikistan has a population density of 64 residents per km2, but as a result of the country’s topography it varies widely between different parts of the country. The middle and especially eastern parts of Tajikistan are predominantly sparsely populated. The country’s natural population growth has been very high during the post-war period. Since independence,… Read More »

Taiwan Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the island of Taiwan was incorporated into the Chinese Empire during the Qing (Manchú) dynasty in 1683, and was formally declared a Chinese province in 1887. During this period, the mainland’s administrative and political system also applied to Taiwan, and many people emigrated from the continent. After China’s defeat in the Sino-Japanese… Read More »

Syria Religion and Languages

Between 633 and 640, the Byzantine province of Syria was incorporated into the Arab-Muslim empire. Damascus took over Medina’s role as the Arab kingdom’s political and administrative center and Umayyad dynasty caliphs had seat in the city from 661 to 749. Damascus was an important center of intellectual, religious and artistic activities, and Umayyad Mosque,… Read More »

Sri Lanka Religion and Languages

Since early times – during the Vedas – the island of Ceylon was repeatedly invaded by Singaporeans, Indo-Europeans and Tamils, who laid the groundwork for advanced civilizations. When the Portuguese arrived in the island in 1505, it was divided into 7 kingdoms. According to Countryaah, a century and a half later, the Dutch displaced the… Read More »

South Korea Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, South Korea had an average population density of 520 residents per km 2 in 2019, but the settlement is concentrated to the river valleys and lowlands to the west and south, some of Asia’s most densely populated areas. Family planning campaigns have been running since the 1960s. Exchanges with other countries… Read More »

Singapore Religion and Languages

Population In 2015, Singapore’s population consisted of close to 3.4 million Singaporean citizens and just over half a million without citizenship but with a permanent residence permit and an additional 1.6 million non-residents. Four-fifths of these had work permits, while the remainder were accompanying family members or students. According to Countryaah, the permanent population consists… Read More »

Saudi Arabia Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, about 96 percent of Saudi Arabia’s population is Muslims. The majority are Sunni Muslims, but there is a Shiite minority of around 8 percent. This minority also has problems today with being accepted by the Sunni majority. The country’s approximately 1.5 percent Christians do not have citizenship and are without the right… Read More »

Russia Religion and Languages

There are four official religions in Russia: Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism. According to Countryaah, Russian Orthodox Christianity is the most widespread religion in the country, and after the fall of the Soviet Union it has become increasingly popular. Islam is the second largest religion and the country’s Muslim population is the fastest growing. Religion… Read More »

Qatar Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Qatar has an average population density of 245 residents per km2, but almost the entire population lives in cities. More than 2/3 of the residents and about 90 per cent of the labor force are immigrants. This has led, among other things, to an oblique gender distribution (75 percent are men).… Read More »

Philippines Religion and Languages

Population Over the past thirty years, the population of the Philippines has doubled. The population growth rate slowed somewhat in the 00s, but it is still high. Among all countries in East and Southeast Asia, the population increase is significantly faster only in East Timor and Papua New Guinea. According to Countryaah, about 10 million… Read More »

Pakistan Religion and Languages

Islam came to the Indian subcontinent in the 7th century with Arab traders, and from the 10th century was widely used by Turkish conquerors. Not least in the activities of the Sufi fraternities, Islam gained a firm foothold in the population. Throughout history, periods of conflict between Muslims and Hindus have alternated with periods of… Read More »

Oman Religion and Languages

Population Oman has an average population density of 22 residents per km2, but the population is concentrated in the fertile areas around the capital Muscat and along the coast north of the city and to the coastal area between the cities of Salala and Raysut. Almost 35 percent of the population are foreign guest workers… Read More »

North Korea Religion and Languages

1948 Independence In 1946, a provisional government was established in North Korea, with Kim Il Sung – the chairman of the Communist Party – as leader. According to Countryaah, the Communists had, in alliance with other leftist forces, taken the definitive political leadership – of course supported by the Soviet Union but also with broad… Read More »

Nepal Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, the country has a population density of 191 residents per km2, but the regional differences are large. The most densely populated are the plain (Tarai) in the southeast and a restricted area around the capital. Glesast lives in the highlands in the northwest. In the mountain areas, however, the development is… Read More »

Myanmar Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, birth rates were high until the 1990s and there is still a large proportion of young people in the population. Immigration is scarce, but many people leave Burma every year. In official statistics there is no information on how large this emigration is. International organizations estimate that more than 2 million… Read More »

Mongolia Religion and Languages

The Mongols are one of the most important ethnic groups in northern and eastern Asia. It is a collection of peoples who share common cultural ties and a common language. The dialects vary from area to area, but they are almost all understandable to a Mongol. According to Countryaah, the lineage of an ancestor gave… Read More »

Maldives Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, the Maldives population is of mixed origin. The islands were probably first populated by Sinhalese from Sri Lanka and Dravids from South India, but these have gradually been mixed with Arabs, among others. The average population density is very high (1,732 residents per km2, 2019). The capital Male (134,200 residents, 2012)… Read More »

Malaysia Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the original inhabitants of the Malaya Peninsula as well as Sarawak and Sabah were indigenous communities. However, the invention of the outrigger canoe and sailing in the 2nd millennium BCE enabled people from present-day southern China to emigrate to present-day Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. These peoples brought knowledge about the use… Read More »

Lebanon Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, Lebanon’s older history is often confused with Syria, which it was always part of. The presence of a large proportion of Christian Arabs in the province was exploited by Europeans to extend their colonial rule over the eastern Mediterranean. Until 1831, the powerful Egyptian, Mohamed Ali, extended his influence to the north… Read More »

Laos Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Laos is the country in Southeast Asia that has the lowest population density; In 2019, it averaged 30 residents per km2. The most densely populated is the Mekong Valley along the border with Thailand, while especially the mountain regions in the north and east are sparsely populated. As a result of… Read More »

Kyrgyzstan Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, Kyrgyzstan had a population density of 32 residents per km2. About 34 percent of the population lives in cities, of which the capital Bishkek (1 million residents, 2019) is the largest. Kyrgyzstan had a rapid population increase during the 20th century, and annual population growth is still relatively high. Since Kyrgyzstan became… Read More »

Kuwait Religion and Languages

One of the milestones in the history of shipping was Alexander the Great’s Admiral, Nearco, who sailed from the Indus River to the bottom of the Arabian Gulf and ended his journey in Diridotis in modern-day Kuwait. Yet, this was not the first contact between India and Kuwait, which had been a lively trade center… Read More »

Kazakhstan Religion and Languages

In the Bronze Age (2nd millennium BCE), the area that today constitutes Kazakhstan was inhabited by tribes living by agriculture and cattle farming. In the Iron Age, alliances developed among the tribes and archaeological excavations have shown that the people had developed a writing language. In the 3rd century BCE new tribes invaded and later… Read More »

Jordan Religion and Languages

Ever since biblical times in which the land was divided between the kingdoms of Gilead, Moab and Edom, Jordan has been associated with important historical events: in the ancient period, the kingdom of Petra was linked to the Roman Empire; In the 7th century, this was where the Arabs at Yarmuk began the battle against… Read More »

Japan Religion and Languages

Population and ethnography According to Countryaah, Japan’s population is 97 percent Japanese. Modern Japanese society – until the end of the Edo period (Tokugawa period) – was divided into four caste-like strata, samurai (warriors and administrators), peasants, craftsmen and traders. These four layers constituted the category of ryomin (‘recognized citizens’), who must avoid contact with… Read More »

Israel Religion and Languages

Population Palestine had for centuries had a small Jewish enclave surrounded by an overwhelming Arab majority. This was changed by the collapse of Jewish life in Eastern Europe during the latter half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, which led to an extensive emigration to Palestine. By the turn… Read More »

Iraq Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Iraq had an average population density of 88 residents per km 2 in 2019, but the geographical variations were large. The river plains around the Euphrates and Tigris were the most densely populated areas, with up to 500 residents per km2, while the desert areas in the west and south were… Read More »

Iran Religion and Languages

1979 Exit Shah According to Countryaah, the opposition to the Shah consisted of three groups. The most important was the religious opposition, dominated by the Shiite leader, Ayatolah Khomeini. The second group was the National Front – a political movement that had roots back to Mossadegh. In addition, there were various groups on the left,… Read More »

Indonesia Religion and Languages

1921 PKI is formed The racism of the Dutch provoked nationalist and anti-colonialist currents, both in the functionaries and among Indonesian petty capitalists – especially Sumatra and Java. They were highly Islamic oriented and reacted especially to the Chinese minority who were heavily involved in local trade. With the two groups as leading forces, the… Read More »

India Religion and Languages

The left wing in India is divided into three main organizations. The largest is the Communist Party (CPI), which together with the Congress Party dominates the unions. To the left of this stands the Marxist Communist Party (CPI-Marxist), which has played a particular role in the states of Kerala and West Bengal (Calcutta). The third… Read More »

Georgia Religion and Languages

Population In 2018, Georgia had a population density of 53 residents per km2. About 58 percent of the residents live in one of the country’s cities, of which Tbilisi is the dominant. Other cities include Batumi (163,400 residents, 2018) and Kutaisi (141,000). According to Countryaah, Georgians or atrocities make up the country’s majority (84 percent… Read More »