Category Archives: Europe

Protaras Travel Guide

Protaras is a quiet beach resort. The sun shines on the best beaches of the island of Cyprus up to 320 days a year. Protaras is a popular holiday destination in the south-east of the island of Cyprus. Protaras is located on the sidelines of larger cities, but in the smaller island state, the distances are… Read More »


FLIGHTS, ACCOMMODATION AND MOVEMENT IN ANTALYA It is easy to travel to Antalya from Finland, as you can get there not only by scheduled but also by leisure flights. Antalya is a popular destination for sudden departures There are good flight connections to Turkey from Finland, especially in summer. Package trips are also made to… Read More »

Barcelona Travel Guide

The finest adjectives are loose when it comes to describing Barcelona. Here you can indulge in delicious food, look at magnificent architecture, get exciting experiences, and imagine Europe’s best nightlife. Below you can read everything you need to know when you want to go on a city break to Barcelona. Barcelona – Europe’s best city?… Read More »

United Kingdom Religion and Languages

Population The UK is one of Europe’s most densely populated countries with 272 residents per km2. About 80 percent live in cities, the largest of which are London (8.4 million residents, 2014), Birmingham (1.1 million) and, Glasgow (596,600). The fastest growing areas are south-east and south-west England; in the north-west and north of England as… Read More »

Ukraine Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Ukraine has a population density of 74 residents per square kilometer. The largest concentrations are found in the industrial regions of the eastern parts and in the southwest. In 2019, 69 percent of the population lived in cities, of which the capital Kiev (in Ukrainian Kyiv) was the largest. Other cities… Read More »

Turkey Religion and Languages

Political Islam and the rise of the AKP Despite the strict secularism policy under Atatürk, and more or less until 1980, Islam never disappeared from Turkish social life. Since the birth of the republic in 1923, the society has been characterized by a long-standing struggle between secularists and various camps of Islamic-oriented politicians and intellectuals.… Read More »

Switzerland Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Switzerland is relatively densely populated (206 residents per km2), but the population is unevenly distributed. The largest concentrations are found in the northwest, in a triangle between the metropolitan areas of Zurich, Basel and Bern, and in western Switzerland at Geneva and Lausanne. In these five urban agglomerations, more than 30… Read More »

Spain Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, in the 9th and 8th centuries BCE, the Celts settled in the central and western parts of the Iberian Peninsula. Around the 6th and 5th centuries BCE, Iberian culture developed in the southern peninsula. The mix of these two peoples created the so-called Celtic-Iberian people colonized by the Phoenicians, Greeks and later… Read More »

Slovenia Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Slovenia has a population density of 104 residents per km 2. The largest concentration is found in the country’s northeastern parts. About 55 percent of the population lives in cities, of which the capital Ljubljana (280 300 residents, 2017) and Maribor (94 900) are the largest. Of the country’s population, 83… Read More »

Slovakia Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, during the reign of Svatopluc, 870-894, the territory of Mähr expanded to include the western part of present-day Hungary and the southern part of Poland. Svatopluc severed ties with Byzan’s, forcing Methodio’s students to flee to the Balkans (see Czech Republic). Greater Moravia experienced its downfall in 906 when it was invaded… Read More »

Serbia Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, population growth in present-day Serbia changed radically from the mid-1970s to the early 1990s. Around 1975, the annual population increase was about 6 percent, which is a very high growth rate. Ten years later it was down to 2.5 percent and from 1992 onwards the population of Serbia has decreased. The… Read More »

San Marino Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, San Marino has had a fairly stable population for a long time, but in the last decades the population has grown, mainly through immigration. There are about 4,000 foreigners (mainly Italians) in the country, but in return a large proportion of the citizens (just over 13,000) live outside San Marino. The… Read More »

Russia Religion and Languages

There are four official religions in Russia: Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism. According to Countryaah, Russian Orthodox Christianity is the most widespread religion in the country, and after the fall of the Soviet Union it has become increasingly popular. Islam is the second largest religion and the country’s Muslim population is the fastest growing. Religion… Read More »

Romania Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the Romanians are descended from the roofs and goats sold in the 4th century BCE as slaves in Athens. They have named the Roman province of Dakia in the Carpathians and Transylvania a little northeast of the territory that is today made up of Romania. In the 1st century BCE, the Dakies… Read More »

Portugal Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, Portugal has been inhabited by the Portuguese since ancient times – one of the Iberian tribes whose cultural influence extended to the entire western part of the Iberian Peninsula. The country was conquered on several occasions by various people from the Middle East, who, however, confined themselves to the coastal areas. In… Read More »

Poland Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, Poland had a population density of 122 residents per km2; the largest population concentration is found in the southern parts. According to estimates (no exact statistics on minority groups exist yet) the largest minority groups are Germans (150,000), Belarusians (50,000) and Ukrainians (50,000). Poland, which had 34.8 million residents in 1939, lost… Read More »

Norway Religion and Languages

Religion in Norway Christianity has a special position in Norway, but religious life has become increasingly complex and diverse. It is characterized by secularization, new forms of religiosity, and increased influx of persons with a religious affiliation other than the Christian, or of other forms of Christianity than the Evangelical-Lutheran direction. Until 2012, the Norwegian… Read More »

Northern Macedonia Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, Macedonia’s ancient culture is linked to Greece and Anatolia. Acc. archaeological studies settled the Macedonian ancestors in the country at the beginning of the Bronze Age. From the 8th century BCE, the Macedonian people emigrated to the east – from its area of ​​origin towards the banks of the Aliakmon River. Aegae… Read More »

Netherlands Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, the Netherlands is one of the world’s most densely populated states; In 2019, the population density was 411 residents per km2. However, the regional differences are large. In the metropolitan area of Randstad (Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam, Utrecht), up to 1,100 residents live per km2, while the northern provinces of Drenthe… Read More »

Montenegro Religion and Languages

Population During the 1990s, the native population of Montenegro declined while hundreds of thousands of refugees came from neighboring areas; In 1999, there were 160,000 refugees in Montenegro. According to Countryaah, most of them have returned to their home countries, while some have been integrated into the new country. During the 1999 Kosovo War and… Read More »

Monaco Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the area that today constitutes Monaco has been inhabited since the Stone Age. The Monaco cliff that rises over the Mediterranean has throughout history been the abode of many primitive tribes. The Ligurians were the first permanent residents of the area’s mountains and had the reputation of being used to working in… Read More »

Moldova Religion and Languages

Population Moldova’s natural population growth has been relatively high for many parts of the postwar period, measured by European standards. However, it began to decline during the late 1980s and during the 2010s it has been much like the rest of Europe. According to Countryaah, the population density in Moldova is 104 residents per km… Read More »

Malta Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, Malta can historically confirm that its location is its greatest natural value. The archipelago has historically occupied a key position in the conflicts over control of the Mediterranean. Its location between Tunisia and Sicily is a key position for shipping between the western and eastern Mediterranean. In ancient times, therefore, the archipelago… Read More »

Malaga Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Malaga Cathedral of Malaga Catedral de Malaga is the city’s largest and most important church. The impressive cathedral was begun as early as 1528. The cathedral also has a museum worth seeing. Open all week except Sundays. See DigoPaul for dictionary definitions of Malaga, Spain. Includes geographical map and city sightseeing photos. Opening… Read More »

Madrid Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Madrid Madrid is not Spain’s capital for nothing. No more magnificent buildings or magnificent museums can be found anywhere else in Spain. Here there are attractions and sights for all tourists! See DigoPaul for dictionary definitions of Madrid, Spain. Includes geographical map and city sightseeing photos. The Royal Palace of Madrid The castle… Read More »

Luxembourg Religion and Languages

Population Since the Second World War, Luxembourg’s population has increased by just over a third. The surplus of birth is minimal, and population growth is mainly through immigration surplus. About 35 percent of the residents are foreign nationals; Portuguese, Italian, French and Belgian were the largest groups. In return, almost as many Luxembourg citizens live… Read More »

Lucca Attractions and Tourist

Tourist in Lucca Tiny beautiful Lucca in Tuscany is a tourist favorite. And not without reason. Lucca is one of the richest and best preserved cities in the north of Italy. Like so many other cities in Tuscany, Lucca was founded by the Etruscans. But even before Christ, Lucca was a Roman colony. Interestingly enough,… Read More »

Lithuania Religion and Languages

Population Between 1991 and 2019, the population of Lithuania decreased by 900,000 residents, from 3.7 million to 2.8 million. Since 1994, birth rates have been negative, and according to official figures, about 130,000 residents disappeared through the net migration in 2004-10. The population density is 43 residents per km2. About two-thirds of the residents are… Read More »

Liechtenstein Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the country’s judiciary is based on Western civil law, inspired by Swiss, Austrian and German legislation with respect for local peculiarities. Its economy is closely integrated into the Swiss, since no customs controls exist between the two countries. Banking and finance is the most important economic activity in the country and is… Read More »

Latvia Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, the Latvian population is declining through birth deficits and extensive emigration. According to official statistics, the number of residents decreased from close to 2.7 million in 1989 to 2.1 million in 2011. In 2019, the number of residents was estimated to be 1.9 million. This means that the population has decreased… Read More »

Kosovo Religion and Languages

Population In 2011, the first census was carried out since 1993. According to Countryaah, the population was about 20 percent less than previously used estimates and amounted to about 1.8 million. Of this, approximately 72,500 lived in the municipalities in northern Kosovo where Serbs are in the majority. These have a high degree of self-determination… Read More »

Italy Religion and Languages

Population Italy’s population density is 200 residents per km2. However, the distribution of the population varies, and the density is lowest in the often mountainous and from the agricultural point of view the regions of Valle d’Aosta, Trentino-Alto Adige, Abruzzo, Molise, Basilicata and Sardinia. But even in some richer rural areas, such as Umbria, the… Read More »

Ireland Religion and Languages

Population The number of residents in present-day Ireland has decreased to about half since the 1840s, which is partly due to the emergency years in the mid-1800s and partly to a very large emigration. However, since the beginning of the 1960s (when the population was 2.8 million) the population has increased, and Ireland has a… Read More »

Iceland Religion and Languages

Relationship with the United States According to Countryaah, the agreement with the US meant the end of Iceland’s neutrality policy. The United States had become aware of Iceland as a suitable military base. In the fall of 1945, the United States made a wish for permanent military bases in the country. This was rejected. However,… Read More »

Hungary Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the area that is today Hungary was part of the provinces of Panoni and Dacien in the Roman Empire. At the end of the 4th century, the Romans lost Panonia, which from then on was occupied by Germanic, Slavic, Huns, Bulgarian and Avar tribes. The latter had dominion over the Danube basin… Read More »

Greece Religion and Languages

Population Of the country’s residents, about 95 percent have native Greek as their mother tongue. Today’s Greeks are a people who have undergone considerable mixing for two millennia, not least with slaves in the early Middle Ages. However, they consider themselves primarily Greeks, and the country can be considered ethnically homogeneous. Some minor foreign groups… Read More »

Germany Religion and Languages

Religion in Germany According to Countryaah, about 70% of the German population belong to Christian churches; Christians are equally divided between Catholics and Protestants. About. 3.7% are Muslims. The Jewish minority counts just under 100,000. About 25% is considered to be without religious affiliation. The majority of Protestants are members of evangelical union churches, which… Read More »

France Religion and Languages

Religion in France According to Countryaah, France has a distinction between church and state, and census does not include religious affiliation. French law has since 1872 banned the questioning of religion in public censuses. This principle was confirmed by a 1978 law. There is therefore uncertainty about how many people belong to different religions in… Read More »

Finland Religion and Languages

Population With the exception of a period of high birth rates after the Second World War, natural population growth in Finland declined throughout the 20th century and is now down to 0.2 percent. According to Countryaah, migration to urban regions is continuing but at a somewhat slower pace than before. The sparsely populated sparsely populated… Read More »

Faroe Islands Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, the population of the Faroe Islands grew relatively rapidly until the early 1990s, despite the fact that the migration to Denmark was periodically large. Since the Second World War, the number of residents has increased by about 20,000 (from 29,000 in 1945 to 49,755 in 2016). Since the mid-1990s, there has… Read More »