Category Archives: South America

Due to the location advantages of the coastal region, especially with regard to the traffic situation and sales markets, it is in the north of the country, namely in the region around the capital Caracas (5.8 million residents) and the nearby Valencia (1.2 million residents) there has been a strong densification of the population and the economy. This development was reinforced by targeted infrastructure measures that were undertaken under Chávez, for example in road construction and in the health and education sectors. A good two thirds of all industrial workers in the country are now concentrated in the Caracas-Valencia area, which, measured by the United Nations Human Development Index, is the most developed region with the highest standard of living.

Another location close to the coast with a comparatively high economic output and high population concentration is the region around Maracaibo in the west of the country, mainly due to oil deposits and petrochemicals. With two million residents, Maracaibo is the second largest city in the country and a center of the Venezuelan oil trade. In total, around 85 percent of the country’s 28.8 million residents live in the comparatively heavily urbanized coastal area in the north, while the vast areas south of the Orinoco, which make up almost half of the country’s area, only accommodate around 5 percent of the population. This sparsely populated region is home to various indigenous tribes who still practice a traditional way of life. The states of Amazonas and Delta Amacuro have the lowest population density with values ​​of 0.4 and 2.4 residents per square kilometer, respectively. Together with Barinas, they also fall apart in terms of their level of development.

There are high proportions of informal employment in all parts of the country. Often these activities are limited in time, poorly paid and do not require any special qualifications. Since the work has to be offered in unregulated markets, it is associated with high risks and social security is usually lacking. High proportions of informal employment are an indicator of a weak institutionalization of the national economy. For more information about the continent of South America, please check

Easter Island, Chile

Hititeairaghi, Rapa Nui, Te Pito-o-te-henua, Tekaouhangoaru are all other names for the area we know as Easter Island. For most people, Easter Island is associated with something mysterious – and no wonder: it is famous for the huge stone statues lined up along the coast. They stare out at the ocean with painted eyes, and… Read More »

Shopping and Eating in Cartagena, Colombia

Beaches The main beach of “mainland” Cartagena is Bocagrande. There is a wide sandy coast, a fairly smooth descent into the water and everything you need for a comfortable beach holiday: umbrellas, sun loungers and mattresses (on hotel beaches). During the season, however, the “overcrowding” of the resort makes itself felt, and the sea becomes… Read More »

About Peru

Peru is one of the most interesting countries in South America. There are many different monuments of the pre-European period, the most famous of which are Lurce, Chavan, Chimu and, of course, Inca. In addition to a great historical past, Peru is located in a place with amazing nature. The Andes mountain system is located… Read More »

Transport and Communications in Peru

TRANSPORT According to Franciscogardening, the public urban transport system in Peru is one of the most disorganized in Latin America. On the streets of large cities, small and mostly old buses and minibuses rush to each other, stopping anywhere, and barkers-conductors vying with each other shouting out the names of the stops. Each bus or… Read More »

Suriname Country Overview

Suriname. Former Dutch Guiana, is a state in northeastern South America, bounded to the north by the Atlantic Ocean, to the east by French Guiana, to the south by Brazil, and to the west by Guyana. History Before the arrival of the Europeans, the territory corresponding to Suriname today was populated by tribes of Amerindians, Arawaks and Caribs. The Dutch occupied… Read More »

Ecuador – The Costa Rica of South America

Ecuador is the smallest Andean country, but the one with the most natural and cultural wonders. Basically, the country on the equator is the Costa Rica of South America. We’ll tell you why this thesis is by no means absurd and why you should plan your next trip to this fantastic part of our earth… Read More »

Chile Entry Requirements

Chile – entry requirements Passport: is generally required for traveling in Chile. According to franciscogardening, the passport (or the temporary passport) must be valid for at least 6 months when entering Chile. An identity card is not sufficient to enter Chile. Visa : Citizens of EU countries, Turkey and Switzerland do not need a visa… Read More »


The WHO works for the well-being of people and deals with issues related to medical research, diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis, pandemics and coordination of aid efforts in humanitarian crises. Introduction Standing for World Health Organization according to abbreviationfinder, WHO is the UN’s specialist body for health issues. The organization’s goal is to work… Read More »

Venezuela Religion and Languages

Population Venezuela has a population density of 32 residents per km2, but the majority of the population lives in the coastal inland. The urbanization rate is one of the continent’s highest (88 percent, 2017). The largest cities are Maracaibo (1.9 million, 2012), Caracas (1.9 million), and Valencia (1.4 million). According to Countryaah, Venezuela has one… Read More »

Uruguay Religion and Languages

Independent According to Countryaah, in May 1810, a liberal revolution broke out in Buenos Aires, but it was thwarted by the bourgeoisie of Montevideo, who enjoyed the trade monopoly with Spain. But in the interior of the Banda Oriental, they supported small and medium landowners as well as the landless insurgency. They were led by… Read More »

Suriname Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, Suriname had a population density of 4 residents per km2. The majority of the population is in the coastal region, with strong concentration around the capital and the lower course of the Suriname River. About 66 percent of the population lives in the cities, of which Paramaribo is the most dominant. According… Read More »

Peru Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, in caves near Ayacucho in present-day Peru, traces of people who lived there 15,000 years ago have been found. The Chavin people had their heyday in the 1400-200 BCE and were excellent city planners. The Paraca people (700-100 BCE) were the first to perform brain surgery. The Mochica people erected large temples… Read More »

Paraguay Religion and Languages

Population Paraguay has an average population density of 17 residents per km2. According to Countryaah, the country is very unevenly populated with a strong concentration to the area east of the Paraguay River. In the northwest region, Chaco, which occupies 60 percent of the country’s area, lives only 4 percent. In 2019, 61 percent of… Read More »

Guyana Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the Arawak people were the first residents of what today constitutes Guyana and they called the country the “Land with plenty of water”. Precisely because the climate was very humid and the coast characterized by mangroves, the population was poor. The Arawak people were displaced by the Caribbean, which dominated much of… Read More »

Ecuador Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the area that is today Ecuador has been inhabited since at least 2,500 BCE The area played an important role as a border region between the various indigenous civilizations: Nazca. tiahuanaco-huari, chibcha and mexica. It is also believed that the people have been in contact with various Pacific people – Polynesians and… Read More »

Colombia Religion and Languages

Population Most of Colombia’s population lives in cities and in the country’s central highlands. The eastern lowlands, which mainly consist of savanna, llanos, and tropical rainforest, itself, on the other hand, are very sparsely populated. The largest cities in 2017 were Bogotá (8.1 million residents), Medellín (2.5 million) and Cali (2.4 million). The ethnic composition… Read More »

Chile Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, Chile’s recent political history has gained a significance that extends far beyond its borders. With the victory, progress and defeat of the People’s Front government in the period 1970-73, Chile became the memorial of our time to the greatest hope and greatest defeat of the socialist and democratic labor movement. While previous… Read More »

Brazil Religion and Languages

Population The population density in Brazil is 24 residents per km2. Demographic trends have been the same as in other Latin America: high and slowly declining birth rates, relatively rapidly declining death rates, resulting in declining natural population growth. More than 85 percent of the population lives in cities. According to Countryaah, a large part… Read More »

Bolivia Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Bolivia’s population is increasing rapidly and the population density is 10 residents per km2. About 2/3 of the country’s population lives in cities. Bolivia’s capital is formally Sucre but in reality La Paz, which houses the government and state administration. The country’s largest cities are Santa Cruz (1.4 million residents, 2013),… Read More »

Argentina Religion and Languages

Pre-colonial peoples According to Countryaah, at the beginning of the 16th century, two large population groups inhabited the area that is today Argentina: the Patagons and the Andines. In the first group there were tehuelches, rehuelches, rampas, matacos and guaycurúes. The latter two had developed agricultural communities with stable housing. The former were hunters and… Read More »

South America Geography

Recent discoveries from South America of a Native American population, akin to the Australian native population, cannot yet be confirmed with evidence. It is certain that the Indians on their way south reached Eldslandet around 8000 BC. In recent decades, it has been extensively debated whether connections across the sea have taken place in ancient… Read More »