Category Archives: South America

Venezuela Religion and Languages

Population Venezuela has a population density of 32 residents per km2, but the majority of the population lives in the coastal inland. The urbanization rate is one of the continent’s highest (88 percent, 2017). The largest cities are Maracaibo (1.9 million, 2012), Caracas (1.9 million), and Valencia (1.4 million). According to Countryaah, Venezuela has one… Read More »

Uruguay Religion and Languages

Independent According to Countryaah, in May 1810, a liberal revolution broke out in Buenos Aires, but it was thwarted by the bourgeoisie of Montevideo, who enjoyed the trade monopoly with Spain. But in the interior of the Banda Oriental, they supported small and medium landowners as well as the landless insurgency. They were led by… Read More »

Suriname Religion and Languages

Population In 2019, Suriname had a population density of 4 residents per km2. The majority of the population is in the coastal region, with strong concentration around the capital and the lower course of the Suriname River. About 66 percent of the population lives in the cities, of which Paramaribo is the most dominant. According… Read More »

Peru Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, in caves near Ayacucho in present-day Peru, traces of people who lived there 15,000 years ago have been found. The Chavin people had their heyday in the 1400-200 BCE and were excellent city planners. The Paraca people (700-100 BCE) were the first to perform brain surgery. The Mochica people erected large temples… Read More »

Paraguay Religion and Languages

Population Paraguay has an average population density of 17 residents per km2. According to Countryaah, the country is very unevenly populated with a strong concentration to the area east of the Paraguay River. In the northwest region, Chaco, which occupies 60 percent of the country’s area, lives only 4 percent. In 2019, 61 percent of… Read More »

Guyana Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the Arawak people were the first residents of what today constitutes Guyana and they called the country the “Land with plenty of water”. Precisely because the climate was very humid and the coast characterized by mangroves, the population was poor. The Arawak people were displaced by the Caribbean, which dominated much of… Read More »

Ecuador Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, the area that is today Ecuador has been inhabited since at least 2,500 BCE The area played an important role as a border region between the various indigenous civilizations: Nazca. tiahuanaco-huari, chibcha and mexica. It is also believed that the people have been in contact with various Pacific people – Polynesians and… Read More »

Colombia Religion and Languages

Population Most of Colombia’s population lives in cities and in the country’s central highlands. The eastern lowlands, which mainly consist of savanna, llanos, and tropical rainforest, itself, on the other hand, are very sparsely populated. The largest cities in 2017 were Bogotá (8.1 million residents), Medellín (2.5 million) and Cali (2.4 million). The ethnic composition… Read More »

Chile Religion and Languages

According to Countryaah, Chile’s recent political history has gained a significance that extends far beyond its borders. With the victory, progress and defeat of the People’s Front government in the period 1970-73, Chile became the memorial of our time to the greatest hope and greatest defeat of the socialist and democratic labor movement. While previous… Read More »

Brazil Religion and Languages

Population The population density in Brazil is 24 residents per km2. Demographic trends have been the same as in other Latin America: high and slowly declining birth rates, relatively rapidly declining death rates, resulting in declining natural population growth. More than 85 percent of the population lives in cities. According to Countryaah, a large part… Read More »

Bolivia Religion and Languages

Population According to Countryaah, Bolivia’s population is increasing rapidly and the population density is 10 residents per km2. About 2/3 of the country’s population lives in cities. Bolivia’s capital is formally Sucre but in reality La Paz, which houses the government and state administration. The country’s largest cities are Santa Cruz (1.4 million residents, 2013),… Read More »

Argentina Religion and Languages

Pre-colonial peoples According to Countryaah, at the beginning of the 16th century, two large population groups inhabited the area that is today Argentina: the Patagons and the Andines. In the first group there were tehuelches, rehuelches, rampas, matacos and guaycurúes. The latter two had developed agricultural communities with stable housing. The former were hunters and… Read More »

South America Geography

Recent discoveries from South America of a Native American population, akin to the Australian native population, cannot yet be confirmed with evidence. It is certain that the Indians on their way south reached Eldslandet around 8000 BC. In recent decades, it has been extensively debated whether connections across the sea have taken place in ancient… Read More »