Geography of Wicomico County, Maryland

By | March 14, 2024

Wicomico County, located in the southeastern part of the state of Maryland, is a region of diverse landscapes, historic significance, and natural beauty. From its coastal plains and tidal marshes to its winding rivers and tranquil lakes, Wicomico County offers a wealth of geographical features to explore. In this comprehensive overview, we will delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable aspects of Wicomico County, Maryland. Check bittranslators to learn more about the state of Maryland.


Location: Wicomico County is situated in the southeastern part of Maryland, bordered by the Chesapeake Bay to the west, Somerset County to the south, Worcester County to the east, and Dorchester County to the southeast. It is part of the Delmarva Peninsula and lies within the Atlantic Coastal Plain region.

Topography: The topography of Wicomico County is characterized by flat coastal plains, tidal marshes, and low-lying wetlands. The county is situated within the Chesapeake Bay Watershed and features a mix of agricultural lands, forested areas, and coastal habitats.

Coastal Plain: Wicomico County lies within the Atlantic Coastal Plain, a low-lying region that extends from New York to Florida along the eastern seaboard of the United States. The coastal plain features sandy soils, pine forests, and tidal estuaries, as well as supporting diverse ecosystems and wildlife habitats.

Chesapeake Bay: The Chesapeake Bay forms the western border of Wicomico County, serving as a major transportation artery, recreational resource, and ecological treasure for the region. The bay provides opportunities for boating, fishing, crabbing, birdwatching, and other outdoor activities, as well as supporting diverse marine life and habitats.


Humid Subtropical Climate: Wicomico County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters, with moderate precipitation throughout the year.

Temperature: Average temperatures in Wicomico County range from 30°F to 85°F (-1°C to 29°C) throughout the year, with the coldest months occurring from December to February and the warmest months from June to August.

Precipitation: Wicomico County receives an average of 40 to 45 inches (1,015 to 1,140 mm) of precipitation annually, with rainfall distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. The county may also experience occasional snowfall in winter, particularly during nor’easter storms.

Hurricanes and Tropical Storms: Wicomico County is vulnerable to hurricanes and tropical storms, which can bring heavy rainfall, strong winds, and storm surge to the region. Preparedness and safety measures are important during hurricane season, which typically lasts from June to November.

Rivers and Lakes:

Wicomico River: The Wicomico River is the most significant waterway in Wicomico County, flowing southward through the heart of the region. The river provides important habitat for aquatic life, as well as opportunities for boating, fishing, paddling, and scenic beauty along its banks.

Nanticoke River: The Nanticoke River forms part of the western border of Wicomico County, serving as a major tributary of the Chesapeake Bay. The river provides important water resources for the region, as well as opportunities for recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and wildlife viewing.

Lakes and Ponds: While natural lakes are relatively scarce in Wicomico County, there are several man-made lakes and reservoirs in the region. These bodies of water provide opportunities for boating, fishing, and picnicking, as well as serving as important water sources for local communities.

Historic Sites and Landmarks:

Salisbury: The city of Salisbury, located in Wicomico County, is the county seat and largest city in the region. Salisbury boasts a rich history and is home to numerous historic sites and landmarks, including the Poplar Hill Mansion, Pemberton Hall, and the Ward Museum of Wildfowl Art.

Whitehaven: The historic village of Whitehaven, situated along the Wicomico River in Wicomico County, is known for its well-preserved colonial architecture and maritime heritage. Visitors can explore local landmarks such as the Whitehaven Ferry, Whitehaven Hotel, and St. John’s Episcopal Church.

Pocomoke River State Park: Located just across the border in neighboring Worcester County, Pocomoke River State Park is a popular destination for outdoor recreation and nature appreciation. The park features scenic trails, campgrounds, and recreational facilities, as well as opportunities for boating, fishing, and wildlife viewing along the Pocomoke River.

Outdoor Recreation:

Hiking and Camping: Wicomico County offers numerous opportunities for outdoor recreation, including hiking, camping, and nature walks. The region is home to several parks, trails, and natural areas that provide scenic vistas, wildlife viewing, and outdoor adventures for visitors of all ages.

Boating and Fishing: With its proximity to the Chesapeake Bay, Wicomico County is an ideal destination for boating and fishing enthusiasts. The bay and its tributaries offer abundant opportunities to catch a variety of saltwater and freshwater fish, as well as opportunities for boating, kayaking, and canoeing.

Birdwatching and Wildlife Viewing: Wicomico County is a popular destination for birdwatching and wildlife viewing, with abundant populations of migratory birds, waterfowl, and other wildlife species. The region’s wetlands, forests, and coastal habitats provide excellent habitat for birds and wildlife, as well as opportunities for nature photography and observation.


Wicomico County, Maryland, is a captivating destination that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, historic charm, and outdoor recreation opportunities. From its scenic rivers and coastal plains to its historic towns and landmarks, the county provides a diverse array of landscapes and attractions to explore. Whether you’re hiking along the Wicomico River, exploring historic Salisbury, or birdwatching along the Chesapeake Bay, Wicomico County has something for everyone to discover and enjoy.