In 2019, the country had an average population density of 86 residents per km2. The most densely populated are the areas around Tegucigalpa in central Honduras and San Pedro Sula in the north; otherwise, the country is sparsely populated.
Movement from the countryside to the cities is increasing, and in 2019, 55 percent of the population lived in cities. The largest cities are Tegucigalpa (1.1 million residents, 2015) and San Pedro Sula (641 900).
According to Countryaah, Honduras was a cultural center long before the birth of Christ. It lay in the central part of the ancient Mayan Empire, before the Mayan people moved north, towards Yucatán. Of these, only one remains in Honduras, mainly Mayan-born Chortí Indians (the majority live in Guatemala). The Mayan Indian element is now only felt as a weak influence on the skin color and face shape of the country’s 90 percent mastics. Other Indian groups, with a few exceptions, are also on the way to being assimilated into the maestro society. Lenca, the largest Indian group in the country, is a farmer in the west. In the eastern part of the country, in the lowlands along the Atlantic coast, lives the fastest growing Indian group, Miskito. It is growing, though mainly through immigration from Nicaragua, where the majority of the people still exist. Sumo is a close neighbor, which is also found in both countries. These three peoples, as well as paya and tol, are all rainforest people, who combined hunting, fishing and gathering with a simple hacking farm.
However, Honduras also has a significant element of the black population, partly different English-speaking Creole groups living on the islands and on the coast in the north, and also garifuna (black caribou), a kind of cohabitant, that is, descendants of Africans with Native American elements who have taken over Native American languages (mainly arawak) from the indigenous peoples of the West Indies and then ended up on the mainland. The latter are also found in Guatemala, Belize and Nicaragua. Some estimates indicate that there are 70,000 black caribas in Honduras alone.
- AllCityPopulation: Find Honduras demographics including latest population, life expectancy, age structure, and urbanization.
Spanish is the official language and mother tongue of the majority of the population (97%). Among the indigenous languages are the Arabic language Garifuna (1-2%) and Miskito, which belong to the Misumal passport languages. English also exists.
The Mayan religions were fought during the colonial church, but parts of their religious traditions survived in the popular piety. After independence in 1821, the Catholic Church lost its privileges. During the liberalization in the mid-1800s, Methodists, Lutherans and Baptists and gentlemen’s huts came to the Atlantic coast. About 95% of the population are Catholics, about 5% Protestants. Under the influence of the Latin American Episcopal Conferences (CELAM), a church renewal is underway. Ecumenical cooperation takes place, mainly as social work against poverty and marginalization. Evangelical groups are growing strongly. Afro-Indian and Caribbean religious traditions are alive along the Atlantic coast.