Of the Naurus population, about 5,300 are natives. The migrants, most of the phosphate mining workers, came from mainly Kiribati and Tuvalu but also from Hong Kong, the Philippines, Australia and New Zealand. Only natives can be citizens of Nauru. Settlement is possible only on the narrow coastal strip, where a number of communities exist. No cities in Nauru.
According to Countryaah, the official language and majority language is Nauru, an Austronesian language. English is also used.
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The small nation is dominated by Christianity, even though the churches and especially the cultural specialty have been given a reduced importance with the rapidly emerging material wealth. The Congregationalist church comprises 2/3 of the population, while the Roman Catholic comprises 1/3. The first missionaries came in 1899 from the nearby Congregationalist Church in Kiribati. The Catholic Church was introduced at about the same time by Europeans. The development of the churches has been closely linked to the changing colonial powers and their phosphate companies.
Island microstate of the south-eastern Pacific (formerly Pleasant Island), in Micronesia, at 0 ° 32 ′ lat. S and 166 ° 55 ′ long. E. The territory consists of an elliptical atoll on a volcanic base. The climate is subequatorial, hot and rainy with periods of drought.
Population and economic resources
The population, 69% indigenous and the rest Filipino and Chinese, is concentrated along the coast; the dominant religion is the Christian one, mostly adhering to the Nauruan Protestant Church (50.9%). The pressure of the residents to obtain self-government first and then independence can be explained by considering the very high income that Nauru obtained from the exploitation of the phosphate deposits. Mining then declined from year to year and these resources practically ran out, leaving the country’s finances on the verge of bankruptcy. The main importing countries of phosphates, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, have provided to support Nauru’s crumbling economy by paying money as compensation for the environmental damage caused. To diversify the economy, the focus was on strengthening another traditional activity, fishing, mainly practiced by foreign licensed vessels. Of little importance are agriculture (especially coconuts) and breeding intended for consumption by the local population. Service activities are developing, mainly financial and credit, but the country continues to be in critical economic conditions and dependence on external aid.