According to Countryaah, San Marino has had a fairly stable population for a long time, but in the last decades the population has grown, mainly through immigration. There are about 4,000 foreigners (mainly Italians) in the country, but in return a large proportion of the citizens (just over 13,000) live outside San Marino. The largest city is Serravalle (9,900 residents, 2012) followed by the capital San Marino (4,400 residents).
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The official language and mother tongue of the population is Italian. The traditional spoken language belongs to the dialect group romagnolo.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
The tiny state (60, 6 km ²) has a population of only 26. 000 residents (1998 estimate). The economy continues to be essentially based on tourism (3,308,000 visitors in 1997; but these are almost exclusively visits that end during the day, without an overnight stay); even the issue of stamps, for the most part destined exclusively for collecting, has retained a notable role in the state budget. Moreover, during the nineties, on the basis of initiatives dating back to the previous decade, there was a trend towards diversification of economic activities, especially due to the increased presence of light industry, which processes imported raw materials and semi-finished products under a tax regime. more favorable than the Italian one.
It is not possible to have data on foreign trade, as there are no customs barriers between MS and Italy. The state budget annually receives substantial aid from Italy in exchange for SM renouncing its own customs policy and issuing money. Collaboration with Italy is very close and consequently the autonomy of the microstate is limited in many fields.