According to Countryaah, during the reign of Svatopluc, 870-894, the territory of Mähr expanded to include the western part of present-day Hungary and the southern part of Poland. Svatopluc severed ties with Byzan’s, forcing Methodio’s students to flee to the Balkans (see Czech Republic).
Greater Moravia experienced its downfall in 906 when it was invaded by the Germanic king Arnulfo, who was in alliance with the Magyars, a nomadic tribe from the Volga region, who controlled much of present-day Hungary. The western part of the old kingdom remained under the control of the Czech dukes in Bohemia, while the part of the country that was squeezed in between the Carpathians and the Danube, corresponding to present-day Slovakia, was occupied by the Magyars. Despite repeated attempts by the Dukes of Bohemia to submit to the area, the Slovakians remained independent of the Hungarian rulers for the next 1000 years.
The Slovakians maintained an independent culture with their own language, and it helped them at no time lose their connection with the Czechs. The University of Prague had in the 15th century. of great importance to the Slovakians. The Bohemian houseites repeatedly invaded Hungary and introduced the national language into the churches instead of Latin.
The invaders of the house made a breeding ground for the subsequent transition to Christianity, which was based on the Kralice Bible translated by Bohemian Brethren. The majority of Slovakians were in the early 16th century. converted to Calvinism, but when Hungary was invaded by the Ottomans in 1525, Slovakia became subject to the Austrians, intensifying the Counter-Reformation throughout the region. The dependence on Austria led to a “Germanization” of Slovak culture.
In 1620, the Czech nobility was wiped out by the Magyars and Slovakia became part of the Hungarian kingdom. The Ottomans’ conquest of central Hungary increased the Hungarian influence in Slovakia. The Hungarian nobility, fleeing the Ottomans, settled in the Slovak villages and withdrew their institutions for their own use.
The Turkish influence in Hungary was replaced in the 17th century. of the Habsburgs. Emperor Johan the 2nd changed at the end of the 18th century. Hungary by “Germanizing” the state apparatus and imposing restrictions on the power of the Hungarian authorities. These left the area and the Slovakians were given the opportunity to revive their cultural connections with the Czechs.
The nationalist “fever” that ravaged Europe after the Napoleonic wars also affected the areas dominated by the Austrians, and the Slovak nationalists came into open conflict with the Hungarians. In 1834 Hungarian replaced Latin as a legal language. The Slovakians, in alliance with the Czechs and German Republicans, launched an armed rebellion against the Hungarians in 1848, which in turn revolted against the Austrians. During this period, the Slovak took control of higher education and founded the first scientific institution, Matica Slovaka.
- AllCityPopulation: Find Slovakia demographics including latest population, life expectancy, age structure, and urbanization.
The Hungarian authorities banned the end of the 19th century. Slovak as a public language and replaced it with Hungarian. The Slovak leaders, especially the magazine publishers, were persecuted and arrested. The Appony Act of 1907 transformed Slovak schools into Hungarian.