According to Countryaah, Slovenia has a population density of 104 residents per km 2. The largest concentration is found in the country’s northeastern parts. About 55 percent of the population lives in cities, of which the capital Ljubljana (280 300 residents, 2017) and Maribor (94 900) are the largest. Of the country’s population, 83 percent are Slovenes.
The official language is the South Slavic language Slovenian, which is the mother tongue of about 88% of the population. There are also Slovenian-speaking minorities in Austria, Hungary and Italy. Hungarian, Italian and Romani are recognized as regional or minority languages according to the Council of Europe’s language statute. Slovenian is also recognized as a regional or minority language in Austria and Hungary and has some protection in Italy.
A large part of the population belongs to the Roman Catholic Church (with its Archbishop’s seat in Ljubljana). There are also Protestants, a Serbian Orthodox church and a number of Muslims from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia located at Ljubljanica, a tributary of the Sava; 283,000 residents (2016). The city is Slovenia’s administrative, economic and cultural center. It is popular as a tourist town, among other things. because it is close to the Julian Alps; its landmark is the high-rise medieval castle. The German name of the town is Laibach, which was also the official name until 1918.
Ljubljana is a traffic hub with an airport. textile, paper, food and leather industries, chemical and electronic industries; in addition, turbines for power plants are manufactured. Finally, the city is also central to the country’s growing service industry. The city is a Roman Catholic archdiocese seat with a university, originally erected in 1595 and rebuilt in 1809 and 1909. The town has several other higher education institutions, museums, libraries and theater, opera, national gallery and science and arts academy.
For approximately 8 AD here the Romans built a colony, Colonia Julia Emona, which became the first Roman urban foundation in the province of Pannonia. It was strategically well located at the intersection of the north-south-pedestrian ravine that ended in northern Italy and the Sava Valley, which led to the east.
The Romans main purpose of the foundation was probably to break the Celtic control of the connection to Illyricum.
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Ljubljana came under the Habsburgs in 1276, gained city rights in 1320 and became bishopric in 1461; the city was in the 1500-h. starting point for the Slovenian Reformation. 1809-13 was the capital of Napoleon’s Illyrian provinces and from the mid-1800’s. the center of the Slovenian national movement. By 1797, the first Slovenian newspaper had been published in Ljubljana. The city became the capital of Slovenia in 1945.