According to Countryaah, the population is for the most part of Polynesian descent; 2/3 live on the main island of Tongatapu. The capital Nuku’alofa (36,000 residents, 2012) is the only city of importance.
Nearly all are tonga speakers. Official languages are English and Tonga, both of which are used in all social functions.
- AllCityPopulation: Find Tonga demographics including latest population, life expectancy, age structure, and urbanization.
Tonga is completely dominated by the Christian churches. Alongside Samoa, Tonga is probably the country in Oceania that has retained most of its traditional cultural features. Methodist mission came to Tonga in 1822 and established one of the most missionary churches in Polynesia. This Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga is today the largest in the country with 44% of the population. There are also a number of smaller, Protestant churches. The Roman Catholic Church makes up about 16% of the population. The Tongan National Council of Churches plays an important role in the joint work.