Of the residents, 91 percent are Polynesians and 7 per cent are mixed with elements of Polynesia and Micronesia. Due to guest work abroad, only 46 percent of the population is male. More than 1/3 of the population lives on the very densely populated atoll Funafuti.
- AllCityPopulation: Find Tuvalu demographics including latest population, life expectancy, age structure, and urbanization.
According to Countryaah, the majority of the population speak Tuvalu, a Polynesian language that is close to Samoan. English is also widely spoken. Both languages are official.
The whole community is permeated by the church, which early developed its own form of leadership, discipline and culturally shaped church community. In the 1860s, missionaries with Congregationalist backgrounds came from Samoa and built churches and schools. With closely related languages and cultures, the transfer was simplified. Many Tuvalu went after training to other island groups in Polynesia and Melanesia as missionaries. The Tuvaluans belong to the now autonomous Ekalesia Kelisiano Tuvalu 86%, while there are also smaller church formations with Seventh-day Adventists and Roman Catholics.