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Continent is a large portion of land surrounded by the ocean (s). Millions of years ago there was only one continent – Pangea. Over the years the portions of land (tectonic plates) have been separating.

From the division of this terrestrial space come the six continents of the world: America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Oceania and Antarctica (or Antarctica).

To learn more about the formation of the continents, read also the articles: Continental Drift and Pangea.

America, in turn, is divided into three: North America, Central America and South America, which are thus called sub-continents.

World Countries 05

Main Features

Asia

The extent of Asia is so vast that almost a third of the planet’s land extent is part of that continent that contains 11 time zones.

Asia also stands out in terms of population, where the inhabitants represent almost 50% of the world’s population.

Interestingly, the country with the smallest number of inhabitants in the world is located in Asia. This is Mongolia.

List of all countries in Asia:

America

In America the North is located the world’s largest island – Greenland, as well as the second largest country in the world – Canada.

In Central America, the Mayan civilization originated – an incredible society that stood out for the advances shown in art, architecture, mathematics, as well as medicine.

In America of the South, in turn, is located in the Amazon Forest, the region with the highest bio diversity of the world.

List of all countries in America, including North America and South America:

Africa

Africa is the poorest continent in the world. There are six African Portuguese Speaking Countries (PALOP): Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe.

List of all countries in Africa:

Antarctica

Antarctica, or South Pole, is the coldest and driest place on the planet.

Note that the North Pole is not a continent since there is no land portion; it is all covered with ice, while in the South Pole the ice layer corresponds to 90% of its territory.

The fact that it has no countries, as well as the lack of population, means that Antarctica is not considered a continent for some authors.

Europe

Europe is the cradle of our culture. On this continent, the European Union (EU) is the largest global economic bloc, of which only 28 European countries (out of a total of 50 countries) are part.

List of all countries in Europe:

Oceania

According to Countryaah, Australia is the largest country in Oceania, occupying 90% of its entire length. Oceania is known as the “New World”, given its discovery dating from 1770.

List of all countries in Oceania:

Transcontinentality

There are countries that are located on two continents and that is why they are called “Transcontinental Nations”. This is the case, for example, in Russia (Asia and Europe), Turkey (Asia and Europe), Egypt (Africa and Asia).

There is also a city called the continental bi – Istanbul, Turkey. It is the only city in the world divided between two continents (Asia and Europe).

There are no flags that represent each of the continents. Yes, there is an emblem on which five continents are represented.

These are the Olympic rings, which symbolize the union in sport on the African, American, Asian, European and oceanic continents.

Longer Continents

1st Asia 45 million km
2nd America 42 million km (North America – 23 million km; Central America – 523 thousand km; South America – 18 million km)
3rd Africa 30 million km
4th Antarctica 14 million km (this number increases about twice in winter, given the freezing waters)
5th Europe 10 million km
6th Oceania 8 million km

Most Populated Continents

1st Asia 4 billion inhabitants
2nd Africa 1.2 billion inhabitants
3rd America 1 billion inhabitants
4th Europe 800 million inhabitants
5th Oceania 32 million inhabitants

Most Populated Countries and Their Respect Capitals

Asia

According to bridgat, Asia has a total of 50 countries, of which the 10 most populous are:

Countries Capitals Approximate Population
China Beijing 1,338,612,000
India New Delhi 1,210,193,000
Indonesia Jakarta 237,512,000
Pakistan Islamabad 170,600,000
Bangladesh Dhaka 154,037,000
Japan Tokyo 127,433,000
Philippines Manila 96,061,000
Vietnam Hanoi 91,519,000
Will Tehran 75,149,000
Thailand Bangkok 67,448,000

America

America has a total of 36 countries. Let’s look at the division by the subcontinents:

The North America has four countries:

Countries Capitals Approximate Population
USA Washington 318,900,000
Mexico Mexico City 122,300,000
Greenland Nuuk 56,483,000
Canada Ottawa 35,160,000

The Central America has 20 countries, of which the five most populous are:

Countries Capitals Approximate Population
Guatemala Guatemala City 15,470,000
Cuba Havana 11,270,000
Honduras Tegucigalpa 8,098,000
El Salvador Salvador 6,340,000
Nicaragua Managua 6,080,000

The South America has 12 countries, of which the five most populous are:

Countries Capitals Approximate Population
Brazil Brasilia 200,400,000
Argentina Buenos Aires 41,450,000
Colombia Bogota 48,320,000
Venezuela Caracas 30,410,000
Peru lime 30,380,000

Africa

Africa has a total of 54 countries, of which the 10 most populous are:

Countries Capitals Approximate Population
Nigeria Abuja 173,600,000
Ethiopia Addis Ababa 94,100,000
Egypt Cairo 82,060,000
Democratic Republic of Congo Kinshasa 67,510,000
South Africa Pretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judiciary), Cape Town (Legislative) 52,980,000
Tanzania Dodoma 49,250,000
Kenya Nairobi 44,350,000
Algeria Algiers 39,210,000
Sudan Khartoum 37,960,000
Uganda Kampala 37,580,000

Europe

Europe has a total of 50 countries, of which the 10 most populous are:

Countries Capitals Approximate Population
Russia Moscow 143,500,000
Germany Berlin 80,620,000
Turkey Ankara 74,930,000
France Paris 66,030,000
United Kingdom London 64,100,000
Italy Pomegranate 59,830,000
Spain Madrid 47,270,000
Ukraine Kiev 45,490,000
Poland Warsaw 38,530,000
Romania Bucharest 19,960,000

Oceania

Oceania has a total of 14 countries and more than 10,000 islands. The 5 most populous countries are:

Countries Capitals Approximate Population
Australia Canberra 23,130,000
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 7,321,000
New Zealand Wellington 4,471,000
Fiji Suva 881,065,000
Solomon Islands Honiara 561,231,000

Antarctica

There are no countries in Antarctica. This continent is a World Heritage Site and signatories to the Antarctic Treaty have the right to conduct investigations there.

There are 12 initial countries, a number that has been extended and includes the following nations:

South Africa Chile Finland Netherlands Turkey
Germany China France Peru Ukraine
Argentina North Korea India Poland Uruguay
Australia South Korea Italy Portugal
Belgium Ecuador Japan United Kingdom
Brazil Spain Norway Russia
Bulgaria United States New Zealand Sweden

Oceans Bathing the Continents

Here are the oceans that bathe each continent:

Continents Oceans
Asia Arctic, Pacific and Indian Glacier
America Pacific, Arctic and Atlantic Glacier
Africa Atlantic and Indian
Antarctica Pacific, Atlantic and Indian
Europe Atlantic
Oceania Pacific and Indian

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